Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #30

American psychologist, and professor of psychiatry,
Kay Redfield Jamison, is one of the world’s foremost authorities on bipolar disorder.
She’s spent her career researching, lecturing, and writing seminal books on the condition. A condition that she also happens to have
had her entire adult life. In her memoir, “An Unquiet Mind,” Jamison
details what it really means to be bipolar. She writes of not sleeping for days on end,
of feeling long periods of euphoria, and filling whole notebooks with her racing thoughts and
grandiose ideas. While in these manic states, she experienced
a tremendously inflated sense of self-esteem and did impulsive things that felt good at
the time but had painful consequences, like going on lavish shopping sprees, engaging
in promiscuous behavior, racking up credit card debt, and emptying her bank accounts. But these episodes were followed by emotional
crashes: Crippling bouts of depression that sent her into a suicidal spiral. At the age
of 28, Jamison tried to kill herself by taking an overdose of Lithium, lapsed into a coma,
but thankfully emerged from it determined to find help through medication and therapy. Through her research and writing, Dr. Jamison
has pioneered our understanding of bipolar disorder, depression, and the nexus of mental
struggles that we now think of as mood disorders. And she’s probably one of the best ambassadors
we have for all those people who live successful, productive lives with mental illness. Just like the anxiety disorders we talked
about last time, mood disorders are misunderstood. They’re diluted by depictions of depression
as something that can be treated with one day at a spa or descriptions of people as
manic depressive just because they were sad yesterday and aren’t today. As students of psychology, our job is to understand
what mood disorders really are, how they manifest themselves, and what might cause them. And
as you probably guessed, this can be pretty tough terrain to explore. These disorders
can take people from terrifying highs to pits of despair that seem all but bottomless. But! In between there’s what Jamison has called,
“A rich, imaginative life” — all made possible by your moods. We’ve been talking a lot about terms and concepts
that mean something different than what you think they mean, but this time, the term “Mood”
is not one of those. In a psychological context, moods are pretty
much exactly what you think they are: Emotional states that are even more subjective and harder
to define than the emotions themselves. And while psychologists have defined about
10 basic emotions, moods tend to fall into two broadly and infinitely variable categories.
You got the good moods and the bad moods. Probably the most important distinction between
emotion and mood is that moods are long-term emotional states rather than discreet, fleeting
feelings. And “mood-disorders,” which are characterized
by emotional extremes and challenges in regulating mood tend to be longer-term disturbances. These include depressive disorders, typified
by prolonged hopelessness and lethargy, and bipolar disorders, the most prominent of which
involve alternating between depression and mania. Depression has been called the common cold
of psychological disorders. Which is not to say that it isn’t serious, but it’s common
and it’s pervasive and it’s the top reason people seek out mental health help. We’ve all felt down before, obviously, often
in response to a specific loss: a breakup or a lost job or the death of a loved one. And the fact is, you probably should feel
bad at times like those. It can actually be good for a mind and body to slow down, to
help digest losses that you experience, but in general, sadness is temporary. It’s when
sadness and grief extend beyond the generally accepted social norms, or plunge into a depth
that causes serious dysfunction that you find yourself in the territory of depressive disorders. The DSM-5, our handy (if super flawed) user’s
guide to psychological disorders officially diagnoses a major depressive disorder when
a patient has experienced at least five signs of depression for more than two weeks. These symptoms include not just depressed
mood, but also significant weight or appetite loss or gain, too much or too little sleep,
decreased interest in activities, feeling worthless, fatigued, or lethargic, difficulty
concentrating or making decisions, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide. So while everyone experiences sadness, depression
is a physiological as well as psychological illness. It messes with your sleep, and appetite,
and energy, and neurotransmitter levels, all interfering with the way your body runs itself. Plus in keeping with our definition of psychological
disorders, to be considered a true disorder this behavior needs to cause the person or
others around them prolonged distress – the feeling that something is really wrong. Just as a person with a severe, generalized
anxiety disorder may never want to leave the house, a clinically depressed person often
feels so hopeless and overwhelmed that they have trouble living a normal life. And unlike
the bipolar disorders, the depressive disorders tend to be all lows. You’ve probably heard of manic depression.
It’s the outdated term for bipolar disorders. These include those classic dark lows of depression,
but also bouts of the opposite – of extreme mania in more severe cases. Someone suffering
from a bipolar disorder may flip back and forth between normal and depressive and manic
phases within a single day or week or month. And a true manic episode doesn’t just mean
being energetic or happy, it’s a period of intense, restless, but often optimistic hyperactivity
in which your estimation of yourself and your abilities and your ideas can often get skewed.
Like, really, REALLY skewed. Some patients experience mania only rarely,
but when they do, it can be destructive. Kay Jamison has testified to that. Once during a manic episode, she bought up
a drug store’s entire supply of snake-bite kits, convinced of an imminent attack of rattlesnakes
that only she knew was coming. In another, she purchased 20 books by the
Penguin Publishing House because she said, “It could be nice if the penguins could form
a colony.” In other words, bad judgment is common. And
it can get worse. Full blown manic episodes often end up in
psychiatric hospitalization, since the risk to self or others can become severe. When
the highs eventually end, they’re often followed by dark periods of depression. When left untreated,
suicide or suicide attempts are common, another element of the disorder that Jamison herself
can attest to. Like so many things in psychology, the cause
of mood disorders is often a combination of biological, genetic, psychological, and environmental
factors. We know, for example, that mood disorders run in families – genes matter. And you’re
more likely to experience a bipolar or depressive disorder if you have parents or siblings who
suffer from them. Studies have of identical twins show that
if one twin has a bipolar disorder, that the other has a seven in ten chance of also being
diagnosed, regardless of whether they were raised together or apart. And while a stressful life can’t give you
bipolar disorder, it could trigger a manic or depressive episode in someone with a pre-existing
condition. Or start a descent into a major depressive episode in someone who never before
had experienced depression. In other words, a person who loses a loved one could go from
sad to depressed or slide into a bipolar episode, but it couldn’t cause them to have the disorder
to begin with. In the case of depressive disorders, for most
people, after weeks, months, or even years, their depression can end, hopefully with the
return to baseline healthy functioning. World-wide, women tend to be diagnosed with
major depression more often than men, but many psychologists think this is simply because
women tend to seek treatment more. It’s also possible that depression in men tends to manifest
itself more in terms of anger and aggression, than as sadness and hopelessness. This is just an example of how depression
is much more than just being sad and that the characteristic lack of purpose and helplessness
can manifest itself in a lot of different ways. Looking at mood disorders from a neurological
perspective, we see that depressed, manic, and average brains show very different brain
activity in neural imaging scans. As you might expect, a brain in a depressed state slows
down. While a brain in a manic state shows a lot of increased activity, making it hard
for that person to calm down or focus or sleep. Our brain’s neurotransmitter chemistry also
changes with these different states. For example, norepinephrine, which usually increases arousal
and focus, is severely lacking in depressed brains, but kind of off the charts during
manic episodes. In fact, drugs that seek to reduce mania in part do it by reducing norepinephrine
levels. You may have also heard about how low serotonin levels correlate with depressive
states. Exercise, like jogging or break dancing or whatever, increases serotonin levels, which
is one reason exercise is often recommended to combat depression. And most medications
designed to treat depression seem to work by raising serotonin or norepinephrine levels. And of course there’s yet another way to look
at things. The social-cognitive perspective examines how our thinking and behavior influence
depression. People with depression often view bad events
through an internal lens or mind set that influences how they’re interpreted. And how
you explain events to yourself, in a negative or positive way, can really effect how you
recover from them – or don’t. Say you were humiliated in the lunch room
when someone tripped you and chicken soup flew all over the place, and you sat down
on a brownie, and it was just a bad day. A depressive mind might immediately start thinking
that the humiliation will last forever, that no one will ever let you live it down, that
it’s somehow your own fault, and you can’t ever do anything right. That negative thinking, learned helplessness,
self-blame, and over-thinking can feed off itself and basically smother the joy out of
the brain, eventually creating a vicious self-fulfilling cycle of negative thinking. The good news is that the cycle can be broken
by getting help from a professional, turning your attention outward, doing more fun things,
and maybe even moving to a different environment. But again, that social-cognitive prospective
is just part of a much bigger puzzle. Positive thinking is important, but it’s often inadequate on its own
own when up against genetic or neurological factors. So mood disorders are complicated conditions
and rarely are they eliminated with a single cure. Instead, they’re often things you just
live with. And as Dr. Jamison has shown us, you can live well. Today we talked about what mood disorders
are, as well as what they aren’t. You learned about the symptoms of depressive and bipolar
disorders, and the possible biological, genetic, environmental, and social-cognitive causes
of mood disorders. Thank you for watching this episode, which
was brought to you by Marshall Scott and Thank you so much to all
of you that have supported us! To find out how you can become a sponsor or supporter,
just go to This episode was written by Kathleen Yale,
edited by Blake de Pastino, and our consultant is Dr. Ranjit Bhagwat. Our director and editor
is Nicholas Jenkins. The script supervisor is Michael Aranda who is also our sound designer.
And the graphics team is Thought Cafe.

100 thoughts on “Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #30

  1. What can I, as a friend do for someone who does have depression. I want to help but I am always unsure how to do so.

  2. I have diagnosed with bipolar and schizophrenia and I never did anything that extreme. Although I get mad , mellow or spazzy.

  3. I was diagnosed as manic depressive at 13. I went unmedicated and alone all my adult life until yesterday. I tend to have more depressive periods and my manic periods are something i learned to look forward to. Weird I know. I'm 31 now and a mom of 3 boys, I wish I would have gotten help earlier. I've also used this to open up lines of communication about mental health with my 12 year old son. If you're like me you're not alone. Find a Dr you can trust and start the talk. You're worth it

  4. It’s like I’m empty inside, a lot. Sometimes I feel numb, tired, like I’ll cut open my skin and I’ll just be cotton batting stretched over pipes and tubing. I want to be loved but I second-guess it, always. I pick it apart in my head and feel worthless, helpless, stand tall and try to look confident, but I feel weak. Sometimes I’m laying in bed and I hear myself breathing, and it keeps me awake. My body buzzes and I want to run coast to coast like Forrest Gump, I want to climb trees and scream, I want to whip chains and stomp my feet and feel the earth beneath me, feel alive, but the next day, the next few hours, it’s like I’m seeing everything through a pane of glass, and I haven’t got a chance. I’ll never go anywhere, be anything, I’ll never be worth it, I’ll never stop disappointing people. I want to fall asleep and stay there, and I sometimes do. I’ve spent whole days in my bed. I’ve burnt myself to feel something, anything, to distract myself from my own heartbeat. I’ve wanted, and tried, to die. I used to see a counselor, but she left and my mom never took me back. So here I am lol

  5. I had the most horrible days of my life five years ago . At first I believed it was only because I had a bad break from a relationship but the feelings would not disappear even after I got a new girlfriend. After follow this particular depression remedy “fetching kafon press” (Google it), I`ve held my depression away since that time. The results were merely amazing..

  6. I still recall the time when I got myself out from depression months ago thanks to this depression treatment method “fetching kafon press” (Google it). I was unemployed on crutches abroad living in a shoebox with a ruined heart. But I`m a totally different person now, joyful and very comfortable in life..

  7. It took me so long to recognise I had a problem and seek help for my bipolar disorder because I had such a misunderstanding of it

  8. I have battled with depression since my divorce 3 years ago. My self-esteem was at a realMy self-esteem was at low point when I got this depression remedy “fetching kafon press” (Google it) and my self-confidence was shattered. My self-esteem returned after days of days of reading through your book..

  9. I was diagnosed with depression, bipolar, minor anxiety and PTSD. My bf tells me to "get over it" because he said he lived the same way I did when we were younger and he didn't turn out with those problems. He says "I choose to be this way." and that hurts me so bad because who would ever want to be this way? I don't but sometimes I can't help how I feel. He never lets me go to the gym (which has been proven to help my depression and anxiety) but he always says "we can't waste the gas right now" and yadda yadda. I'd jog outside but I don't trust the area I live in and it's too cold to be running outside. I'm stuck in a rut I feel like because I'm told to get over things I can't help and that I'm choosing to stay like this. 🙁 Any advice?

  10. My mother has bipolar disorder. I'm 23 now..when I was 11 my mom would ask me everyday do you want to live with me or my grandmother. Every time I would say you mom then 30 minutes later she would come back downstairs and say" I'm happy you said me because I wouldnt know what to do." I think about that everyday.

  11. i know many people with these disorders , this video helped me to understand it .i never know what to do when my friend is depressed 。

  12. as a long-time mentally ill(and getting help) person, i love how respectful your approach to mental illness is, making us feel like valid people rather than freaks. 🤘

  13. I'm battling with depression for years and diagnosed for more than 6 months and I finally figured out why I can't process my emotions. I feel numb but since I'm on my treatment I think life isn't that bad even though I had relapse few times

  14. My bipolar type 1 was a nightmare, literally. I was walking around in a nightmare full of visual, auditory, as well as physical hallucinations. I felt like I was slowly dying, and nothing seemed to make it all go away. I required over a year in a hospital, along with strong medications and frequent therapy. It's not something I would ever wish on anybody. This disorder is something I have to live with for the rest of my life, and I have no choice but to stay on potentially harmful medications in order to prevent another full blown psychotic episode. I am happy that mental illness has become more talked about, but at the same time I've noticed a lot of self-diagnosis online… It's frustrating to see the least. I see a lot of young women claiming to have BPD, bipolar, or autism without any actual diagnosis. If you're really experiencing any or all of the symptoms of these disorders, you would most certainly beg for the help of a professional. It's horrible and traumatic to have any of those mental health issues, to not be on medication or see somebody to confirm your "diagnosis" is just nonsense. Please, if you are reading this and you're self-diagnosed, STOP. Go see someone, if you don't have any mental health issues diagnosed and are using a false diagnosis for attention, you are a horrible human being.

  15. ALSO:

    Two major symptoms not discussed often are 1: extreme levels of guilt, usually for small mistakes 2: the paranoia that you are generally hated or disliked, and for good reason.

    I remember once telling myself that I deserved death because i forgot to add my name on an assignment.

  16. In order to relieve the symptoms of depressive and bipolar issues use an eyebrow tweezer on the hair follicles and take them out of the hands, feet, and wrists of the soul that is having these disorders. There should be marked improvement in a very short time period. God bless you all, thanks Ron.

  17. "This is stupid"
    "Why are you getting upset over nothing"
    "You need to grow up"
    "There is nothing to cry about"
    "Just get over it"
    "This is your problem"


  18. The content is good. But this the wrong person to present it. Why is he talking so fast and rushing he's explanations.

  19. I remember is 3rd grade, we were talking about religion. Then, we started talking about souls and hearts. I started to cry, and no one knew why, but it was because I always thought I never had a heart (for love) or a soul. So, I sat in this old rocking chair crying for the rest of the morning.

  20. I would really tell my buddies and family members to use this treatment “fetching kafon press” (Google it) just in case if they will suffer depression. I now completelygrasp my depression and how to make sure it never shows its ugly head again, however that isn`t the restriction of how this method has aided me. What I now have is a strategy for my life where I didn`t have one before..

  21. Omg, I have been struggling so much lately. Recently have found amazing friends that happened to be a PhD doctor in psychology. We have only recently beginning to discuss MY ILLNESS. And the beginning 1 minutes explained my situation picture perfect. Wow, this video might have saved me. She did it and so can I. I am 19 and have been so afraid over the future because I can see myself spiraling

  22. Okay my father is very bipolar , he jumps out car windows , does dumb stuff and also has been to jail and the hospital like 15 times , help

  23. Mania can be horrible, even hypomania can destroy your life. If you look at bipolar disorder in that way it ends up the worst mental illness. Acute mania can be incredible especially if the patient is on drugs or is drunk. They get terrifying.

  24. i’m not bipolar but i could imagine how upset i’d be if i were & i saw the character you used for it. she looks insane, someone with bipolar is not. just ill. there is a difference.

  25. Am I depressed? Please reply if you are medically diagnosed or somewhat of a medical professional or just know a lot of credible medical things about this. Thanks

  26. I've been having trouble with depression for already 5 years, even panic attacks and often anxiety. In the first year I told my mom about it and she started to shout at me that "from now on you will everyday wash the dishes and clean the house and all your dumb ideas will evaporate." I felt extremely hopeless and it even increased the depth of my depression, so half a year later I had a massive panic attack at school followed by a mental breackdown. Completely uncontrollable. My teacher managed to calm me after an hour and told my mother about it. We went to the doctor, she prescribed medicine and told my mom to not put too much pressure on me and let me finish my homework earlier so I can go as much often as it is possible outside for a walk or pizza with friends. But just after we went out, she told me " see, even the doctor is telling you to finish your homework faster, you are always too slow". She started constantly using it as an argument , but missing the stress-relieving part of all the doctor's speech.  As I was taking the medicine I started to feel better after sometime. But my mom stopped it and said that it was stupid and I didn't need it 'cause only my ideas are the problem, so change yourself. It was more than 3 years ago. Now I am almost 19, in the last school year and my depression has been aggravating. I can't do anything but sleep after classes for weeks in a row, with only a day or half of a day break. I can't move forward. I feel hopeless and suicidal. I can't learn, read, can't find joy in music or movies or anything that could make me feel better in the past. Idk how to help myself. I know I need medication. But my parents are being so misunderstanding and I can't pay that medication without their financial help. Mom is even shouting at me that I don't like anything therefore will have no friends and no career and that
    I have to change my negative behavior or will end up in streets. But she doesn't understand that I need help and that I am not guilty that I feel this way. I feel trapped in a box with no way out.  Cause if I don't help myself right now I won't be able to pass the exams well so I won't be able to move forward for another long time . Lately I've been having anger issues without realising so for the past 2months I had to listen to comments that I'm mean , that no one will ever care for me.

  27. Sports release happy chems to combat depression? I was laughing all throughout this video how amazing it is. I say this video is serotonin in 2D form. 🙂 Hahahah.. awesome and hilariously presented. I love your videos mung!

  28. My dad has bipolar disorder. He is now in his manic phase and thinks he can change the world (he literally thinks he's like the best philosopher EVER) I'm worried about when he's going to get into his depression phase again. I don't want him to, because he's still the sweetest kindest and most amazing man i know and look up to. He has a great sense if humor and I love him so much. But I just don't know what to do or how to help.

  29. Out to all you bipolar folks. Please don’t waste months or even years avoiding it with other drugs like I did. Just start of lithium, it’s a lot less scary than I thought it would be. Lamotrigine is also a good and very safe mood stabilizer you can bring up with your psychiatrist, but please consider taking lithium seriously

  30. the pain depression gives you really hurts, i wish the pain would disappear but it's too hard to say anything and no one understands.

  31. "Examine for a moment an ordinary mind on an ordinary day. The mind receives a myriad impressions — trivial, fantastic, evanescent, or engraved with the sharpness of steel…Life is not a series of gig-lamps symmetrically arranged; life is a luminous halo, a semi-transparent envelope surrounding us from the beginning of consciousness to the end."
    —Virginia Woolf

  32. Okay so if norepinephrine increases focus, why do anxiety disorders make it hard to focus? Shouldn't it be the opposite?

  33. I’m bipolar and I just don’t really know if I get the depression part, I’ve had a manic episode so I’m definitely bipolar but I guess I just don’t understand enough about depression to know if I really have it, as a male, especially one that’s bipolar I feel like I’m not allowed to show my emotions or my parents will think omg he’s having a manic episode and I’m like no I was just really stressed about the upcoming final so I have some anxiety and have been sleeping less it happens to everyone. And yeah, crying, wish I could do that without them saying ohh he must need to go to the hospital now I never cried before and I won’t do it now but when I’m manic I can’t seem to help it when I haven’t seen my family on a long time and have been stuck in a hospital and I finally get to see them I just end up crying then I find out later from my brothers that my parents have been telling them I cry a lot meaning I must be depressed meaning I really am bipolar idk the logic just seems flawed.

  34. Omg! Although this is useful information, I wish you can slow down ten times more! How can someone speak so fast and expect the listener to process as fast!

  35. hi hello as someone who has been diagnosed with depression and generalized ((and possible social)) anxiety for about a year ((but probably had it for maybe 3 years already)), I'd like to share abt how my anxiety and depression correlate with one another. When my anxiety attacks first started, it would follow with a big fat depressive episode where I literally feel like a dead weight and I couldn't laugh at anyone's jokes and my dad kinda gave up on trying to cheer me up. Insomnia followed soon after with a mix of depressive thoughts so isnt that fun :") ive been doing sports lately and i can confirm it really helps

  36. I tried to kill my self when I was 9 because my older sister stole my blouse and my mother didn’t make her return it to me 😢😢😢… @ 34 yrs old I was diagnosed with bipolar and depression but I still can’t accept that diagnosis.

  37. I think I want to see someone about this, however I don’t want to get labelled with depression and then make this effect my future chances of getting a job etc, can anyone help me with this?

  38. I have bi polar disorder. I'm depressed most of the time though I do have some manic days. I think about killing myself often I've tried 6 times in my life. It's been three years since my last attempt. I want to but I cant. I won't put my daughter through that. I havent seen her physically in nearly a year video chat on occasion. I dont want to wait until my daughters 18 to have a relationship with her but I cant afford a lawyer. I dont want to breathe anymore I want it all to stop.

  39. "that's not a good reason to be depressed"
    "you're sad too often"

    but the worst is what you tell yourself not what others tell you, because in the end, we're the ones who hate ourselves the most.

  40. Anyone else feel like mental pain is much greater than physical pain? Mental pain just kind of tears you apart from the inside.

  41. Everyone in the comments be talking about depression, but honestly I’m so interested in the Bipolar part. I come from a father who is bipolar, and everyone always translates it in a way of anger. And while that may be true, it’s also extreme happiness, or sadness.

  42. I’ve lived with Bipolar 2 disorder for many years. After being on the correct medication for 3 years, I’m officially labeled as in remission. Of course, I’ll have to stay on medication my whole life to manage it.
    Here’s a couple things I’ve experienced. In manic episodes I hyperfocus. That would be really helpful for studying if I could choose what I hyperfocused on, but in the middle of a 19 credit term, I fell into a manic episode and spent 10 hours starting and finishing a 2000 piece puzzle in one day without help, food, water, or bathroom breaks. Nothing else mattered except finishing that puzzle. Obviously not healthy. Depressive states warp how I see the world. My brain doesn’t see every side of a problem and I can’t form rational solutions. Thoughts may seem ridiculous to someone else such as, “nobody likes me without my medication so I might as well die”. I’ve been institutionalized twice for suicidal thoughts in depressive episodes where I was not on the right medication yet.
    Anyway, I’m now 21 years old, medicated for ADHD and Bipolar 2, but on track to graduate in 2 years with my B.S. in Animal Sciences with a pre-vet option and on my way to graduate school.
    My older brother however, is in the process of being diagnosed and his psychiatrist believes he also has Bipolar 2 disorder.
    A mood disorder does not mean you can’t achieve your goals. It may mean you’ll need a little help to get there.

  43. Hi crash course, could you make an episode differentiating between bipolar type 1 bipolar type 2? Because the mania of type 2 isn’t as obvious as type 1. Type 1’s mania is called hyper mania whereas type 2’s mania is called hypomania where the high isn’t as obvious as type 1’s so a lot of times bipolar type 2 gets misdiagnosed as just depression, which is what happened to me for the longest of times till I was suicidal and admitted to the hospital for three months where I was finally diagnosed with bipolar type 2 and given the right medication. Ever since then, my moods have stabilised enough for me to function relatively normally. So yes, please clear up a misconception that just because a person does not have the obvious hypermania, it does not mean that they are merely depressed. There IS a difference. Thanks.

  44. I'm here again after finding out I have bipolar disorder type 2. With that said, I wish this crash course differentiated the different types of bipolar disorder.

  45. I feel like the sadness is always simmering on the back burner. It's an I'm balance between being melacholy and furious all the time. Being happy or content is like a high. Always comes down. Changing mi thoughts helps it's not easy tho. Perspective is a pattern. You look for patterns all day. U have to change the pattern one thought at a time.

  46. Usually my anxiety makes it almost impossible to have any conflict with anybody but when I'm manic I almost get into fist fights with people sometimes

  47. My grandma has it and she took medicine for the first time When she was 50 my dad told me about his experiences with the disorder is terrifing

  48. One thing I find extensively helpful in helping with my depression. Finding meaning in life. Jordan Peterson really helped me…

  49. I feel weird about the fact that I feel nihilistic but I still care about stuff. I’m not sure if I’m bipolar, but my mood keeps going up and I’m very confused

  50. I definitely believe that mental Illness is genetic. It is better to accept ones reality than trying to live an illusion. The point of life is to enjoy it, we are not eternal. If mental illness is God given, then just focus on making lemonade!!!!

  51. Depression is almost always situational. Peeps just don't want to admit that, because they would need the courage to change their situation, either from within, ending toxic relationships, or their environment. Also, when we stop thinking of our petty problems and stop being the problems for countless innocent beings everyday, there is something called karma. God is love, not power from above, and love isn't biased. i can also attest to natural medicine such as Cannabis (anti depressants are also tested on animals!), yoga, exercise….. And, love, not dependency 💚

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