Google container data center tour

Welcome to a video tour of Google’s first container-based data center. There are slots for over 45,000 servers in the 45 containers housed inside. The data center itself went into service in 2005 and supports 10MW of IT equipment load. It has a trailing twelve month average Power Utilization Effectiveness value of 1.25. We start with the plan view, and focus in on the equipment yard we will be visiting. Here, we see the cooling towers, the power distribution centers, and the generator farm. Our first “action” shot shows water flowing down the cooling tower fill. The plant itself is designed to maximize water-side economization through a combination of elevated process water temperatures, low-approach temperature plate and frame heat exchangers, and a chiller bypass path. As we swing over to the electrical yard, we see a medium-to-low voltage distribution center. The transformer itself is not exotic, but boasts a better than 99.5% efficiency, as evidenced by the relatively small cooling radiators attached to it. As part of the distribution center, the transfer switches serve to connect the generators seen here. Eventually, the output of the distribution center is run into the building through these low voltage cables. Plant tour – Here we begin the plant tour. Stepping inside the building, we again pick up the low voltage distribution lines. Cable routing takes place in these standard trays that eventually head off for connection to the container switch panels. We now step into the cooling plant. As we pull back, we get an overall view of the web of piping required to connect all the equipment together. As the water returns from the cooling towers, a portion of it is taken off and directed through a side-stream filtration system, before being returned to the loop. Continuing on, we trace the piping down to the array of pumps where we see that we experience our share of leaks 🙂 Of course, when we talk about cooling plant efficiency, the chiller uses the most power and is therefore our biggest target. And an important part of reducing chiller hours is the use of plate and frame heat exchangers with their low approach temperature characteristics. We conclude the tour of the plant, with a shot of the thermal storage tanks and the distribution piping that carry the water to the containers. Hangar Tour – The hangar tour starts with a shot of the bridge crane used to move the containers As we pull back, we get a view of the single-story side, which is more-clearly seen from a vantage point on the mezzanine. There are 15 containers on the single story side and 30 on the opposing 2 stories. Amongst the safety considerations in using containers, we include emergency exit stairs and egress pathways as required by code at the tail end of the units. This final view gives an idea of the scale of the hangar bay. In this segment, we follow one of our technicians to the container, where he is dispatched to perform a server replacement. Here we see him making his way on his Google-provided, “personal transportation” device. He must first verify the machine location. As you see here, each tray is outfitted with with onboard UPS running at greater than 99.5% efficiency. Now, once inside, our technician removes the tray blank and installs the repaired server tray. The cold aisle inside the container is maintained at approximately 27C, or 81F, enabled by attention to good air flow management. Here, we show our idea of Google nightlife 🙂 Another technician is entering the container to inspect the underfloor area. As he lifts the floor grate, we get a view of the flex hoses, power conduit, and fans used for cooling. In fact, there are many more system details designed into the container as shown in this isometric cutaway, and this cross-section view detailing the tightly-controlled air flow path. As we step out once more into the vestibule area, we see the hookups bringing water into the container. On the other side, we find the electrical switch panel. And inside the panel, we trace the cable inputs, into the breaker section, and get to see some of the circuit transformers used in gathering our PUE measurements. All in all, there are many additional support systems required to satisfy the safety and occupancy requirements of the container including emergency off buttons, fresh air supply, fire detection, fire suppression, smoke dampers, and much, much, more. We end our video tour with another view of the hangar, and a summary of the best practices incorporated into this data center. Recapping, on the electrical side we saw the use of high-efficiency transformers and UPSes, along with the necessary circuit transformers for accurate PUE measurements. On the cooling side, we touched on many aspects designed to allow raising of the temperature inside the data center and the associated reduction in chiller usage hours. One last thing to note, the best practices we’ve presented here are the main reason we’ve been able to achieve our PUE results, and can be implemented in most data centers today. Thanks for watching.

100 thoughts on “Google container data center tour

  1. нихуя себе! у меня дома локальный сервер на 2 компа эпичнее смотрится)

  2. "Google-provided personal transportation device" reminds me of something that Christopher Lloyd once said about how they write for Doctor Emmett Brown in the Back To The Future movies.  He said that Doc Brown will never say in 1 small word, what can be said in many big ones.  "Look Marty!  A rhythmic ceremonial ritual is coming up!"  "A dance doc?"

  3. It was all very well showing all of the cool (no pun intended) ventilation systems and power systems in this video, but why no views of servers? That's what I really wanted to see. Is there a "continuation video" that shows all of the Google servers on YouTube somewhere? Please let me know ASAP.

    And you thought the modern gaming PC needed a lot of fans or liquid cooling? Sorry, I couldn't resist that one!

    Alastair C Parker

  4. I want a google provided personal transportation device. along with an aperture science portable quantum tunneling device. so I then can get to the 1500 megawatt heavy duty super colliding super button.

  5. okay..shipment send in phillippines, call me 632 8325143, adino corporate access acct.
    buyer are ready payments online business access acct.
    sergio c. adino,6328325143/

  6. Wow I think I should attach my computers to the main public water pipe since they all catch on fire 😉 inspiration

  7. @ 01:04 – What do you mean when you say that transformer efficiency is 99.5%, i thought they where about 60 to 70 %,,
    What kind of non-exotic transformer is this?

  8. Future of networks safety: Not only applications are isolated in containers, but also the physical servers themselves.

  9. "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." John 3:16
    Only Jesus is the way to Heaven and be saved from hell.
    "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." John 14:6
    Have you confessed Jesus as your LORD and Savior? You must confess Him as your LORD and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead to be saved from eternal damnation in hell and be able to go to Heaven
    "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." Romans 10:9
    "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one." 1 John 5:7

  10. जय-जय हो श्रीइंन्द्रदेव जी की।।। जयश्रीराधेकृष्ण

  11. HDD google casa qui tem E-mc 2 casa HD sim qui bem fai bom casa portugués brasil bom googl casa eu

    e-mc 2 ? sim qui tem google terra sky ! R$

    surdos eu sim qui tem hai HDDD GOOGLE
    brazil natal RN

  12. Can someone please explain to me why they did this and what they hoped to achieve? Not hating, just curious to what this is all about.


  14. ผมก็ไม่ร้ว่าผมทำอะไรรู้แต่ว่าตอนนี้สภาพจิตใจผทแย่มากขอบคุณสำหรับวีดีโอทั้งหมด.🙏ขอบคุณ

  15. I hope all this data and information gets saved somewhere for future generations to be able to dive into and see how we lived 300 years from now.

  16. Legal pure and innocent nth degree complete everything agrees legal pure and innocent unaffected nth degree complete everything agrees legal pure and innocent unaffected nth degree complete everything agrees legal pure and innocent unaffected nth degree complete everything agrees

  17. I assume the sites chosen to locate the Server farms are not on a seismic, flood or tornado/hurricane location.
    Do they have ballistic and vehicle penetration protection?

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